Pancho Villa is one of the most recognizable leaders of the Mexico Revolution.
Grade Range: 8-12
Resource Type(s): Reference Materials
Date Posted: 7/13/2012
In this post, students will learn about the interdependence and interconnectedness of Mexico and the U.S., especially during the late 19th and early 20th century and its impact on the Mexican Revolution. The Revolution spanned twenty years, involving two nations and several colorful public figures. The Revolution encouraged the development of music and culture, changed the everyday lives of people, and had political and social repercussions that continue today. Protection of economic and political interests drove the U.S. to intervene in Mexico both politically and militarily. The rural Mexican poor wanted redistribution of land, while others in Mexico called for a more even distribution of wealth. The resulting violence caused mass migration from Mexico to the U.S., creating strong communities of Mexicans and Mexican Americans. Written by L. Stephen Velasquez, Associate Curator in Division of Home and Community Life, this post is published on the Museum's "O Say Can You See?" blog.
Historical Thinking Standards (Grades K-4)
Standards in History (Grades K-4)
United States History Standards (Grades 5-12)
2: How political, religious, and social institutions emerged in the English colonies
3: How the values and institutions of European economic life took root in the colonies, and how slavery reshaped European and African life in the America
2: The impact of the American Revolution on politics, economy, and society
3: The institutions and practices of government created during the Revolution and how they were revised between 1787 and 1815 to create the foundation of the American political system based on the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights
2: How the industrial revolution, increasing immigration, the rapid expansion of slavery, and the westward movement changed the lives of Americans and led toward regional tensions
3: The extension, restriction, and reorganization of political democracy after 1800
4: The sources and character of cultural, religious, and social reform movements in the antebellum period
2: Massive immigration after 1870 and how new social patterns, conflicts, and ideas of national unity developed amid growing cultural diversity
3: The rise of the American labor movement and how political issues reflected social and economic changes
4: Federal Indian policy and United States foreign policy after the Civil War
2: How the New Deal addressed the Great Depression, transformed American federalism, and initiated the welfare state
3: The causes and course of World War II, the character of the war at home and abroad, and its reshaping of the U.S. role in world affairs
World History Standards (Grades 5-12)
Historical Thinking Standards (Grades 5-12)
College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards (Grades K-2)
D1.2.K-2. (Compelling Questions): Identify disciplinary ideas associated with a compelling question.
D1.3.K-2. (Constructing Supporting Questions): Identify facts and concepts associated with a supporting question.
D1.4.K-2. (Constructing Supporting Questions): Make connections between supporting questions and compelling questions.
D1.5.K-2. (Determining Helpful Sources): Determine the kind of sources that will be helpful in answering compelling and supporting questions.
D2.Civ.2.K-2. (Civics): Explain how all people, not just official leaders, play important roles in a community.
D2.Civ.3.K-2. (Civics): Explain the need for and purposes of rules in various settings inside and outside of school.
D2.Civ.5.K-2. (Civics): Explain what governments are and some of their functions.
D2.Civ.6.K-2. (Civics): Describe how communities work to accomplish common tasks, establish responsibilities, and fulfill roles of authority.
D2.Civ.7.K-2. (Civics): Apply civic virtues when participating in school settings.
D2.Civ.8.K-2. (Civics): Describe democratic principles such as equality, fairness, and respect for legitimate authority and rules.
D2.Civ.9.K-2 (Civics): Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions while responding attentively to others when addressing ideas and making decisions as a group.
D2.Civ.10.K-2. (Civics): Compare their own point of view with others' perspectives.
D2.Civ.11.K-2. (Civics): Explain how people can work together to make decisions in the classroom.
D2.Civ.12.K-2. (Civics): Identify and explain how rules function in public (classroom and school) settings.
D2.Civ.14.K-2. (Civics): Describe how people have tried to improve their communities over time.
D2.Eco.1.K-2. (Economics): Explain how scarcity necessitates decision making.
D2.Eco.2.K-2. (Economics): Identify the benefits and costs of making various personal decisions.
D2.Eco.3.K-2. (Economics): Describe the skills and knowledge required to produce certain goods and services.
D2.Eco.4.K-2. (Economics): Describe the goods and services that people in the local community produce and those that are produced in other communities.
D2.Eco.5.K-2. (Economics): Identify prices of products in a local market.
D2.Eco.6.K-2. (Economics): Explain how people earn income.
D2.Eco.7.K-2. (Economics): Describe examples of costs of production.
D2.Eco.9.K-2. (Economics): Describe the role of banks in an economy.
D2.Eco.10.K-2. (Economics): Explain why people save.
D2.Eco.12.K-2. (Economics): Describe examples of the goods and services that governments provide.
D2.Eco.13.K-2. (Economics): Describe examples of capital goods and human capital.
D2.Eco.14.K-2. (Economics): Describe why people in one country trade goods and services with people in other countries.
D2.Eco.15.K-2. (Economics): Describe products that are produced abroad and sold domestically and products that are produced domestically and sold abroad.
D2.Geo.1.K-2. (Geography): Construct maps, graphs, and other representations of familiar places.
D2.Geo.2.K-2. (Geography): Use maps, graphs, photographs, and other representations to describe places and the relationships and interactions that shape them.
D2.Geo.3.K-2. (Geography): Use maps, globes, and other simple geographic models to identify cultural and environmental characteristics of places.
D2.Geo.4.K-2. (Geography): Explain how weather, climate, and other environmental characteristics affect people's lives in a place or region.
D2.Geo.5.K-2. (Geography): Describe how human activities affect the cultural and environmental characteristics of places or regions.
D2.Geo.6.K-2. (Geography): Identify some cultural and environmental characteristics of specific places.
D2.Geo.7.K-2. (Geography): Explain why and how people, goods, and ideas move from place to place.
D2.Geo.8.K-2. (Geography): Compare how people in different types of communities use local and distant environments to meet their daily needs.
D2.Geo.9.K-2. (Geography): Describe the connections between the physical environment of a place and the economic activities found there.
D2.Geo.10.K-2.(Geography): Describe changes in the physical and cultural characteristics of various world regions.
D2.Geo.11.K-2. (Geography): Explain how the consumption of products connects people to distant places.
D2.Geo.12.K-2. (Geography): Identify ways that a catastrophic disaster may affect people living in a place.
D2.His.1.K-2. (History): Create a chronological sequence of multiple events.
D2.His.2.K-2.(History): Compare life in the past to life today.
D2.His.3.K-2. (History): Generate questions about individuals and groups who have shaped a significant historical change.
D2.His.4.K-2. (History): Compare perspectives of people in the past to those of people in the present.
D2.His.6.K-2 (History): Compare different accounts of the same historical event.
D2.His.9.K-2. (History): Identify different kinds of historical sources.
D2.His.10.K-2. (History): Explain how historical sources can be used to study the past.
D2.His.11.K-2. (History): Identify the maker, date, and place of origin for a historical source from information within the source itself.
D2.His.12.K-2. (History): Generate questions about a particular historical source as it relates to a particular historical event or development.
D2.His.14.K-2. (History): Generate possible reasons for an event or development in the past.
D2.His.16.K-2. (History): Select which reasons might be more likely than others to explain a historical event or development.
D4.2.K-2. (Communicating and Critiquing Conclusions): Construct explanations using correct sequence and relevant information.
D4.3.K-2. (Communicating and Critiquing Conclusions): Present a summary of an argument using print, oral, and digital technologies.
D4.4.K-2. (Communicating and Critiquing Conclusions): Ask and answer questions about arguments.
D4.5.K-2. (Communicating and Critiquing Conclusions): Ask and answer questions about explanations.
D4.6.K-2. (Taking Informed Action): Identify and explain a range of local, regional, and global problems, and some ways in which people are trying to address these problems.
D4.7.K-2. (Taking Informed Action): Identify ways to take action to help address local, regional, and global problems.
D4.8.K-2. (Taking Informed Action): Use listening, consensus-building, and voting procedures to decide on and take action in their classrooms.