Fleishman's depiction of the first Civil War battle relies on individual voices to give a human face to history. The result is at once intimate and sweeping, a heartbreaking and remarkably vivid portrait of the Civil War and war itself.
Grade Range: 5-12
Resource Type(s): Artifacts, Primary Sources
Date Posted: 12/22/2010
The Confederate battle flag, known as the “Stars and Bars,” was born of necessity at the Battle of Bull Run. Amid the smoke and general chaos of battle, it was hard to distinguish the Confederate "Stars and Bars" from the U.S. national flag, the "Stars and Stripes.” General Pierre T. Beauregard was credited with creating a new flag.