Trade tomahawks were generally made in Europe and used by settlers to trade with the Indians.
Lakota Winter Counts
Grade Range: K-12
Resource Type(s): Reference Materials
Date Posted: 6/17/2009
Winter counts are calendars that the Lakota used to mark the passage of time. This online exhibition features a searchable database of Smithsonian winter count images, a documentary about Lakota history and culture and video interviews with Lakota people Through the use of this website, Students will learn about Native American culture by examining winter counts and listening to the stories of the people with personal connections to the winter-count-keeping tradition. A teacher's guide includes background information, guidelines for teaching about winter counts, downloadable images and lesson plans for students in grades K-10.
United States History Standards (Grades 5-12)
Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861)
2: How the industrial revolution, increasing immigration, the rapid expansion of slavery, and the westward movement changed the lives of Americans and led toward regional tensions
3: The extension, restriction, and reorganization of political democracy after 1800
4: The sources and character of cultural, religious, and social reform movements in the antebellum period
Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)
Era 6: The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)
2: Massive immigration after 1870 and how new social patterns, conflicts, and ideas of national unity developed amid growing cultural diversity
3: The rise of the American labor movement and how political issues reflected social and economic changes
4: Federal Indian policy and United States foreign policy after the Civil War